Essentials of writing a thesis


JWriting a thesis can be a daunting task though the Ph.D. the student does not know the mechanisms of research in writing. Here are six essential steps that will help you finish your document on time. The secret to completing your dissertation is to read, take notes, and define the purpose of the proposed research before you begin.

Standard content and writing

A good thesis needs standard content, good writing and an attractive presentation. It must be original; designed and written by you. A plagiarism tracker can easily expose copied work and cost you the degree and lead to demotion. Standard content results from reading scholarly works and research articles. The key word here is scientific, not journalistic. Statements must be based on facts and supported by sources. Your thesis or argument should be new and present relevant content that complements existing research. Your arguments should be logical, well written and effectively communicate each point/sub-point. The thesis should be carefully typed, formatted and proofread carefully to avoid mistakes and spelling mistakes. Together, these elements form a good thesis.

Choose a topic

For this, search for similar theses on the Internet and find a topic that has a gap. Look for important sources (books and research articles) on Google Scholar, in libraries and electronic journals. Do not depend entirely on the Internet for your research material, as it may lack scientific rigor. You must have access to a minimum of 20 major reputable sources. As you read, stay focused on the selected topic or issue. Be prepared to modify or redefine it if you find that it has already been reviewed.

Limit the problem

It does not involve the deletion of important information or the presentation of partial evidence. This means restricting your investigation. For example, a thesis topic could be “Pests affect crops in district X and cause an annual loss of ₹Y” rather than the state or the entire country. Taking a large field for research is a common mistake Ph.D. students make. Limiting the problem will help you write a well-organized thesis and manage your time.

Writing the thesis sentence

This identifies the purpose of your survey and should be around 20 words or less. It is a positive and declarative statement. But that’s not the assumption, even though it may look like that. A hypothesis suggests the uncertainty of the outcome; a thesis sentence shows that you can prove the result. You should write it after your preliminary reading is complete. For instance:

Hypothesis: I want to examine if pests damage crops in district X for N reasons and cause annual loss of ₹ Y.

Thesis sentence: I have looked at why pests damage crops in district X and cause loss of ₹Y per year.

Writing the thesis sentence gives you a roadmap for your reading and writing. Once you’re clear on your goal, it’s easy to look for supporting evidence. It also helps to make a good plan and design your proposal with clarity and impress the reviewers. However, it takes time for the thesis phrase to crystallize because you need to articulate your intention precisely.


The most important aspect of writing a thesis, it prevents you from getting bogged down in irrelevant details and ensures an even division into chapters, sections and subsections. An outline helps identify problems in your writing plan long before you write. It helps to detect shortcomings and correct them in advance, and to ensure that it is supported by evidence and structurally well balanced.

Management of time

Spend 60% of your time reading and writing the first draft, 20% doing fact-checking, editing, and rewriting, and the remaining 20% ​​typing, proofreading, and binding. Take notes and record your reference details as you read. Don’t leave this for last as it may delay submission.

The author is a former English teacher at IIT Bombay. Email [email protected]

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